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What Is Property Insurance?

Property insurance is insurance for assets, a general term for a group of policies that provide coverage on property protection or property owners' liability.

Property insurance provides financial reimbursement to the building's owner or renter, including its contents, if there happened to be damages, theft and injuries sustained by an individual on the property other than the owner or the renter.

 Insurance for assets of this type can include different policies such as homeowners' insurance policy, renters' insurance, earthquake insurance and flood insurance. Personal property is typically covered by homeowners' or renters' insurance policy. The exception in this type of insurance policy is a private property that's quite costly and luxurious. It can be covered by buying an additional policy called a "rider." Suppose someone files a claim for an insured property. In that case, the property insurance policy will reimburse or compensate the policyholder for the actual cash value of the damaged property or the replacement cost to fix the problem.


  • Property insurance or insurance for assets is a general term for a group of policies that provide coverage on property protection or property owners' liability. 
  • Insurance of this type can include different policies such as homeowners' insurance, renters' insurance, earthquake insurance and flood insurance, among other policies.
  • The three kinds of property insurance coverage incorporate actual cash value, replacement cost, and extended replacement costs.

Property Insurance - How it Works

Hazards covered by property insurance or insurance for assets

usually include a few weather-related disasters, including loss and damages caused by smoke, fire, hail, wind, the impact of ice, snow, lightning, and more. This type of insurance protects against theft and vandalism and provides coverage to the structure and its contents.


It also provides liability coverage should an individual aside from the property owner or renter has been injured while on the property and wants to sue.


On the other hand, property insurance or insurance for assets policies generally exclude damages that result from various events like floods, tsunamis, drain and sewer backups, standing water, groundwater seepage and many other water sources. Mould is typically not covered, nor are the damages from earthquakes. Furthermore, most policies do not cover extreme conditions, such as terrorism, acts of war and nuclear events.


In this context, property insurance includes homeowners' and renters' insurance, flood and earthquake insurance.


Understanding Property Insurance More


Three types of property insurance or insurance for assets

coverage are available: actual cash value, replacement cost, and extended replacement costs. These are the following:

  • Actual cash value. The coverage reimburses the owner or renter the replacement cost less devaluation. If the damaged item was purchased ten years ago, you'd get the value of a 10-year-old item, not a new one.


  • Replacement cost. It covers the cost of fixing or replacing the property at its equal value. It is based on replacement cost rates of items rather than its cash value.


  • Extended replacement costs. This coverage of property insurance or insurance for assets will pay more than the coverage limit if the construction expenses go up; but, this typically will not surpass 25% of the boundary. When you purchase insurance, the limit is the highest benefit the insurance company will reimburse for the given circumstances or event.

Special Considerations

Some homeowners prefer a hybrid policy that compensates for damage or physical loss caused by 16 hazards, including vandalism, theft and fire. This type of coverage is also known as the Broad coverage (known in US as H03 policy). It also has specific exclusions and conditions. There's a pre-planned limit on some valuables and collectibles' coverage, such as gold and other jewelry, cash, firearms and other things. It does not usually provide accidental damage and mysterious disappearances such as lost or misplaced valuables, not to mention antiques and fine art.


Comprehensive homeowners policy (Mostly known as HO5 in the states) coverage encompasses everything in a broad coverage (HO3 in the USA) policy but is equipped to the structure itself and the home's property, including appliances, furniture, clothing, and other personal items. But a comprehensive (HO5) policy doesn't cover floods or earthquakes. It is only available to homes built in the previous 30 years or renovated within the last 40 years. They generally cover any damages at replacement cost.


Tenant property insurance (Known as HO4 in the US) or insurance for assets, generally known as renter's insurance, provides coverage from personal property loss. It also has liability coverage. However, it doesn't cover the actual house or apartment being rented. It is part of the landlord's insurance policy coverage.


These coverage levels do not include reimbursements for properties damaged in normal wear-and-tear conditions, like what happens in a roof that starts to leak even without being destroyed by wind and hail. That's where you find a home warranties-another method to protect your property - to be helpful.


Types of Coverage

Three types of insurance coverage of property insurance or insurance for assets are:


1) Replacement cost coverage - This type of coverage compensates for fixing or replacing the property with a similar kind and quality. It disregards depreciation or appreciation. Premiums for this kind of coverage are based on replacement cost values and not based on the actual cash value. 


2) Actual cash value coverage - This type of coverage provides for replacement cost, minus the depreciation cost.


Extended replacement cost will compensate over the coverage limit if the prices for construction have raised. This generally will not go above 25% of the boundary. When purchasing property insurance or insurance for assets policy, the limit is the highest benefit the insurance company will compensate for a given situation or circumstance. Insurance companies place limitations such as not issuing new policies and not continuing if the insured's age fall below or above their required age.


If the amount to replace homes in a neighbourhood rises, this amount will fluctuate. The amount needs to correspond with the home's actual reconstruction value. If a fire happens, household contents replacement is calculated as a percentage or portion of the home's value. About high-value items, the insurer may require to have these luxurious items covered in a separate policy. One last option could be having alternative living arrangements covered in a policy. For instance, property damages resulted from a covered loss stops a person from living in his home. In this case, policies would reimburse alternate living arrangements for accommodation and food expenses for a specified time for the "loss of use" of the home until the owner can occupy it again. Usually, the additional living expenses limit is set up to 20% of the dwelling coverage limit. In any case, the owners are encouraged to discuss with their insurer for advice about appropriate coverage and decide the applicable limits.

Personal Content

Personal content is things you own, such as electronics, furniture, and clothing. It helps pay to repair or replace your belongings after a covered loss with personal content coverage, such as theft or fire. Here are some things to think about when it involves protecting your belongings.

There are two sorts of personal insurance coverage: cost and actual cash value. A cost policy typically pays the dollar amount. It'll fancy buying a replacement item at the time of a claim. An actual cash value policy factor in depreciation to supply reimbursement supported the present value of an item. It is also essential to understand that private property coverage usually has certain limits on what it'll pay to exchange an item or category.

A common misconception among renters is that their landlord's policy will cover their belongings. While landlord insurance typically helps protect the residence against certain risks, that coverage typically doesn't reach a renter's belongings. During a renters policy, private property coverage helps cover your belongings, including cameras and laptops, up to your policy's coverage limits.

Condo policies only provide coverage for the owner's belongings against certain risks, such as fire or theft. Even though most condo association's insurance may protect the building's body and the common areas shared by multiple owners, it won't cover personal belongings.

To have these belongings such as furniture, computers or clothing, protected, the condo insurance will help a policy owner in the event of a loss. 

In addition to providing dwelling and liability protection, most owners' insurance policies include coverage for private property — up to the policy's bounds. So, any damage to your house as long as it is a peril covered on an insurance contract (such as a fire), the insurance will help pay for repair to the home's structure. With proper content coverage, it will also help replace the belongings inside. Coverage is subject to the terms and limits outlined in your policy. Always ask your insurance broker if you've any questions.

Typical homeowners, renters and condo policies provide coverage for lost items. You would probably find insurance covers the loss of a high-value item up to a specific limit, but you will have to pay for the deductible. However, you need to review your insurance contract.

A valuable belonging lost, or "mysterious disappearance," will get some comprehensive insurance package cover subject to deductible and limitation. Some items need to declare to the insurer as add-on protection. An ownership certificate may require as proof of purchase to help protect lost items. Contact our insurance broker to find out about the specifics of coverage.

Jewelry is considered private property. It is important to consider coverage limits are high enough to protect the pieces you value most. Often, insurance policies will accompany a limit it will cover. 

While your homeowners, renters or condo policy may help protect your personal belongings, that coverage typically comes with sub-limits surely sorts of property — and sometimes there are even limits for every item. An agent can help you decide whether you'll enjoy "scheduling" certain items, which suggests purchasing separate coverage to protect additional specific high-value items, like jewelry, art, or musical instruments.

Personal property coverage will provide coverage when some damage to personal belongings occurs, but it is crucial to know that not all risks are covered. In the event of a flood or earthquake, the standard home policy will not cover unless you purchased a separate flood or earthquake policy. Always read your policy or contact your agent to determine if your home insurance has your desired coverage in place.

Always review your policy and decide if additional coverage options are available to protect what matters most.

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