insuranceHow do insurance companies determine your premium?
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How do insurance companies determine your premium?


A lot of factors affect your homeowner’s insurance premium. Some include the age and condition of your home, the cost to rebuild it, the building materials used, the proximity of a fire department, the claims history of your neighborhood or community, and even the types of pets you have.

In our region, more than half of every dollar paid by homeowners for their premiums is paid out in clams every year.

How insurance premium is calculated

At any time you make a claim, you draw funds from the pool of insurance policy coverage premiums paid by all policyholders. Those who're not likely to draw funds out of the pool will pay less insurance premium. Insurers take lots of factors into account when determining the likelihood that you will have a claim.

Insurance Premiums

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A typical misconception is that a policyholder who hasn't made an insurance claim must pay less or hardly any insurance. While your claims history is essential, normally, the risk location can also be very significant.

Whenever you buy or renew the insurance, private insurance providers compete based on cost, coverage and service. They provide consumers and business selections when purchasing an automobile, home or business insurance. Your insurance broker can offer expert guidance on the best coverage and value for your requirements.

For car insurance, insurers consider the make, year, and vehicle model, the driving records of drivers from the household and where they reside. Talk to your insurance broker to discover more about how an insurer calculates their car insurance premiums.

For home insurance, insurers examine a wide selection of elements to ascertain how likely it is for you and many others with the same set of conditions may claim and what it'll cost. Talk to your insurance broker to learn how the insurer calculates the home insurance premiums.

Commercial insurance is complicated. Ensure you talk to an insurance broker who understands your company and its insurance requirements. Commonly referred to as commercial insurance, when calculating a business insurance premium, insurers believe several factors like the kind of business you run and exactly the risk management strategies you've in place.

Various insurers might use different factors to develop a premium rating. When calculating premium, insurers use a pool of several premiums to pay for the home, automobile and business losses of Canadians unfortunate enough to suffer a loss.

Shop around for an insurance company whose premium credits and reduction rates best fit your circumstance. Ask your insurance broker as they are your best bet in finding quotes.

Insurance will payout to losses outlined in the insurance contract, not for predictable events. Informed buyers cautiously review their insurance contract and policy limits. Know what to look for when checking all sections of the automobile, home or business policies. The insurance premiums of many policyholders cover the claims of the few who endure a claim. Consumers of the automobile, home and business insurance can have misconceptions about policies and coverage and how an industry operates. Learn some essential facts about the Canadian insurance industry. Like some other businesses, insurance agencies require protection against risk. The different insurer is known as a reinsurer. Required by law across Canada, auto insurance covers the owner/driver, passengers, pedestrians and property affected by a vehicle collision. As a homeowner, you will need to insure your home for replacement costs so that you've adequate coverage in the case of severe harm or destruction.

Knowing your Insurance Premium Rate

As the personal insurance company will increase the renewal premium from time to time due to inflation, having an insurance broker on your side will ensure you get the best rate.

You may have noticed that your insurance company may have been increasing your insurance premium every year on your policy renewal. By comparing premiums from different insurance companies upon renewal, you have the choice. You may find out that you are already enjoying the lowest possible, but it's always useful to have an insurance broker working on your side.

As previously stated, most of the personal insurance companies in Canada will increase or decrease the personal insurance premiums for many reasons. Most of the factor may attribute but not necessarily limited to the following:

  • Your credit score
  • Last year's performance. Suppose the previous year's payout or loss ratio is high. In that case, the insurer will need to adjust the renewal rate to build up their reserve pool.
  • Your postal code.
  • Your age
  • The discounts you are offered may be expired.
  • How you use your vehicle
  • The crime rate in your area
  • Convictions, adding a new driver
  • The type of vehicle you drive, comparing the payout for the same model last year. and many more

There will be many more factors that result in your insurance premium fluctuation, and the list goes on from time to time. The above are other means of getting a better premium apart from the bundle discount package.

Always talk to your insurance broker so we can shop for the best value. Circumstances change; when you are no longer driving to work, you move to a closer office or another family member moved out. Always talk to your insurance broker when circumstances change, and we will work out the best for you. Remember, insurance is all about "utmost good faith," so we need to ensure you are adequately covered when in time of need. No stress.

Home Insurance


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As above, homeowner insurance is a multiple-line insurance policy that includes property insurance and liability coverage. It comes as an indivisible premium; that insured only pay a single premium for all that declared on the insurance policy

Liability, damage to property caused by the owner or members of his/her family to other people, and damage caused by household pets. (see homeowner with dogs)

The cost of insurance policy or premium often depends on what it would cost to replace the house, known as replacement cost, additional endorsements, and riders attached to the policy. 

The insurance policy is a form of agreement between the insurance company and the homeowner (known as insured).

This contract indemnity and return the insured back to the financial state before the loss. 

Home insurance policy, like most insurance policy, will have exclusion, including floods or war, including a nuclear explosion from any source—this exclusion, amongst other standard exclusions (like termites). In exceptional cases such as flood, separately and additional insurance can be purchase. Insurance price varies to reflect the cost of replacement, usually upon applying an inflation factor or a cost index.

All homeowner insurance packages will have liability bundled with building, contents and other extension coverage. 

For this section of liability, insurance will cover property damage caused by the owner or members of his/her family to other people and damage caused by household pets.  

Insurance policies will have exclusions on liability coverage. The most common exclusions are:

  • Depreciation or wear-and-tear maintenance. (see)
  • Faulty workmanship of builder or contractors
  • Mechanical or electrical breakdown
  • Amount over the limits of the policy 
  • Vacant or empty home, or if it is rented out to tenants

homeowner insurance

The building coverage protects both the primary and detached structures. It may include garages, sheds, and back houses on the property up to a limit. Always ensure the property is covered sufficiently with replacement costs.

Different insurers may not cover particular structures such as boundary walls, fences, gates, paths, drives or swimming pools, so it is essential to check the specific policy wording. 

Contents insurance covers personal belonging, such as furniture, clothes, electronics, etc. 

Most insurance will limit the amount of money paid out for each category of items. Each policy may vary in the amount of coverage provided. The option to schedule your personal property can be purchase separately. 

Most buildings and content insurance offer on a "named perils" and "open perils" types. A "named perils" policy provides coverage for a loss specifically listed on the policy. If it's not listed, it's not covered. 

"All Perils" policy is broader in the sense that it will provide coverage for losses on everything except exclusions on the insurance policy. Detail breakdown of these package follows.

There are various types of content coverage on homeowner insurance. The Named Peril is a type that describes how insurance protects against perils in a loss claim. It covers only the list of risk found in the insurance policy. This type of policy mostly protects vacant or unoccupied buildings.

Depending on the insurance policy, the wording may cover the following perils (always check your insurance policy):

  • Fire
  • Lightning
  • Windstorm or hail
  • Explosion
  • Smoke
  • Vandalism
  • Aircraft or vehicle collision
  • Riot or civil commotion
  • All basic-form perils
  • Burglary, break-in damage
  • Falling objects (e.g. tree limbs)
  • Weight of ice and snow
  • Freezing of plumbing
  • Accidental water damage
  • Artificially generated electricity

Another special form coverage, and it is the most inclusive. The difference with "named peril" policies is that they provide coverage to all losses unless specifically excluded. Insured will be cover on a peril that not on the exclusion lists. 

If something happens to your home, and unfortunately, the event is listed on the exclusions list, it will not provide coverage.

Exclusions list of homeowner insurance including:

  • bylaw or Ordinance of law
  • Neglect
  • Movement of earth or Earthquake
  • Flood
  • Power failure
  • War
  • Nuclear hazard
  • Intentional acts

So, in short, 

i) Named peril will cover only on the list

ii) All Peril will not cover if it is on the list (of exclusion)

Most insurance companies like to differentiate their insurance package offer with names like Comprehensive, Broad or standard. Except for features such as additional living, claim free protection, cyber and more others, the major differences are the building and content. Take a look at the comparison matrix:

Building  Content
Comprehensive    All-Peril  All-Peril
Broad  All-Peril  Named-Peril
Standard Named-Peril     Named-Peril   

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