Balancing your deductible against what you can pay, imagine,
Balance your deductible against what you can pay
Most homeowner chose to decrease their deductible to reduce insurance premium. This is the most common method to 'self insured' as any lose in building, stolen laptop computer or etc, the insured is responsible for the deductible amount.
So in most case, if a homeowner lose a laptop that worth a thousand dollar and the deductible is a thousand, the claim will result in nothing. Choosing a deductible amount is a bit of a guessing game. Too low, and the annual premiums look scary. Too high and every potential problem could cost more than it would without going through your insurance. Start with what you can afford and adjusting at least once every year or two.
Most homeowner insurance in the Canadian market is a combination of the following insurance types
- Liability Insurance
- The buildings,
- loss of use (additional living expenses),
- or loss of other personal possessions
Most importantly, the homeowner insurance provides some financial relief against disasters.
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As above, homeowner insurance is a multiple-line insurance policy that includes property insurance and liability coverage. It comes as an indivisible premium; that insured only pay a single premium for all that declared on the insurance policy.
Liability, damage to property caused by the owner or members of his/her family to other people, and damage caused by household pets. (see homeowner with dogs)
The insurance policy is a form of agreement between the insurance company and the homeowner (known as insured).
This contract indemnity and return the insured back to the financial state before the loss.
Home insurance policy, like most insurance policy, will have exclusion, including floods or war, including a nuclear explosion from any source—this exclusion, amongst other standard exclusions (like termites). In exceptional cases such as flood, separately and additional insurance can be purchase. Insurance price varies to reflect the cost of replacement, usually upon applying an inflation factor or a cost index.
All homeowner insurance packages will have liability bundled with building, contents and other extension coverage.
For this section of liability, insurance will cover property damage caused by the owner or members of his/her family to other people and damage caused by household pets.
Insurance policies will have exclusions on liability coverage. The most common exclusions are:
- Depreciation or wear-and-tear maintenance. (see)
- Faulty workmanship of builder or contractors
- Mechanical or electrical breakdown
- Amount over the limits of the policy
- Vacant or empty home, or if it is rented out to tenants
The building coverage protects both the primary and detached structures. It may include garages, sheds, and back houses on the property up to a limit. Always ensure the property is covered sufficiently with replacement costs.
Different insurers may not cover particular structures such as boundary walls, fences, gates, paths, drives or swimming pools, so it is essential to check the specific policy wording.
Contents insurance covers personal belonging, such as furniture, clothes, electronics, etc.
Most insurance will limit the amount of money paid out for each category of items. Each policy may vary in the amount of coverage provided. The option to schedule your personal property can be purchase separately.
Most buildings and content insurance offer on a "named perils" and "open perils" types. A "named perils" policy provides coverage for a loss specifically listed on the policy. If it's not listed, it's not covered.
"All Perils" policy is broader in the sense that it will provide coverage for losses on everything except exclusions on the insurance policy. Detail breakdown of these package follows.
There are various types of content coverage on homeowner insurance. The Named Peril is a type that describes how insurance protects against perils in a loss claim. It covers only the list of risk found in the insurance policy. This type of policy mostly protects vacant or unoccupied buildings.
Another special form coverage, and it is the most inclusive. The difference with "named peril" policies is that they provide coverage to all losses unless specifically excluded. Insured will be cover on a peril that not on the exclusion lists.
If something happens to your home, and unfortunately, the event is listed on the exclusions list, it will not provide coverage.
Exclusions list of homeowner insurance including:
- bylaw or Ordinance of law
- Movement of earth or Earthquake
- Power failure
- Nuclear hazard
- Intentional acts
So, in short,
i) Named peril will cover only on the list
ii) All Peril will not cover if it is on the list (of exclusion)
Most insurance companies like to differentiate their insurance package offer with names like Comprehensive, Broad or standard. Except for features such as additional living, claim free protection, cyber and more others, the major differences are the building and content. Take a look at the comparison matrix: